如何改进您的研究资助申请计划书

08 August 2019

Quick Takeaways:

  • et al.' means 'and others'.
  • Use 'et al.' to cite works with three or more authors.
  • The presentation (et al., et al., or rarely et al) depends on the style guide or journal guidelines

The English language has a rich history of borrowing words from other languages, especially from Latin. Latin abbreviations such as ‘a.m.’, ‘p.m.’ and ‘CV’ have become part of our everyday vocabulary. Such abbreviations are also frequently used in academic writing, from the ‘Ph.D.’ in the affiliation section to the ‘i.e.’, ‘e.g.’, ‘et al.’, and ‘QED’ in the rest of the paper.

This guide explains when and how to correctly use ‘et al.’ in a research paper.

取得研究资助金的成功与否取决于能否写出一份清晰有说服力的研究资助申请计划书。

我们多年来帮助数以千计亚洲的研究学者润色及改进他们的计划书以成功取得资助。我们综合多年累积的经验于下面的清单内,希望可以助您完善您的研究资助申请计划书并提高获得目标资助金的机会。

摘要 (Abstract)及引言部分 (Introduction)

摘要引言部分应该要针对为什么要实行该研究项目,而非怎样去实行的详细内容。在这阶段只需大致说一下研究方法即可。

– 计划书是要给非该学科专家审阅的,所以需要以非技术性语言书写,及避免使用未有详细解释的行业术语或学科专有名词。

– 计划书需要能说服读者该项目是重要及需要的,以及研究团队有能力去完成该项目。

摘要需要提供一个建议研究项目的概述以向资金提供者推销该概念。

– 要清晰地叙述主旨,而很多时都会用列点形式写出。

引言需提供一个与摘要部分相似但不重复的概述。它要举出需要被解决的研究问题、该研究问题的重要性,以及所建议的研究项目如何解决该问题。

– 使用写作论文引言时的漏斗方法,由最基本的资料开始,然后一步步收窄到你在研究中想讨论的特定问题及建议解决方式。

– 要清楚明白地指出该项目的潜在影响,如它能提供什么观点见解、能带来的好处及受益群众。另外,亦要有具体性,例如只说对业界、政策制定者或研究员有用处是不足够的,相反,您一定要指出该项目有什么用处、为什么它有用处以及怎样有用处。

文献探讨 (Literature review)及研究方法 (Methodology)

  • 文献探讨背景资料应该要展现出您对该研究题目的熟知。您要能够提供一个评论(critique)以表现出您不仅只阅读相关文献,更充分了解文献中的理论及研究方法的长处及短处,而不是只轻轻带过那些文献内的研究。
  • 要展现出您如何发展出您理论基础、矫正研究方法的缺点及如何克服其他挑战及难题。
  • 在递交计划书前最好要做一轮最后的文献搜寻以确保您没有遗漏任何最新发表的论文。
  • 研究方法部分不应仅仅描述您研究的设计,还应提供您的设计的依理据。您必须说服读者,您的研究方法设计是解决该研究问题的最合适方法。
  • 在这一部份您需要大量的细节来证明您建议的设计的可行性。例如,如果您无法说服读者您拥有这样做的可行方法,那么只建议招募大量研究参与者是没有帮助的。
  • 要明确说出已经完成了什么前期工作以及在研究的资助部分将要完成什么工作。研究人员会进行前期研究工作是很普遍的,但是作者很多时都没有清楚指出相关前期研究。
  • 展示出一个清晰的数据分析计划,仅提及某一种技术或程序是不足够的。
  • 最后,确认提出一个可行的进度表预算

需要润色协助吗?

我们希望上面的清单能助您准备好您的研究资助申请计划书。

如您想得到专业学术编辑的帮助,我们提供针对研究资助申请计划书的编修服务,而且该服务得到香港各大学的顶尖学院学系信赖。请联系我们查询详情或上传您的计划书缘取得个人化报价。我们亦欢迎大学的学院或学系联络我们讨论进一步合作以应付繁忙的计划书递交季节。

另外,如您有兴趣了解我们可以如何帮助你,可浏览我们的个案研究以了解我们一些过往的研究资助申请计划书编修的详情。

QUICK ASIDE

Wondering why some abbreviations such as ‘et al.’ and ‘e.g.’ use periods, whereas others such as CV and AD don’t? Periods are typically used if the abbreviations include lowercase or mixed-case letters. They’re usually not used with abbreviations containing only uppercase letters.

Unusual Scenarios

Our latest online workshop built on the success of face-to-face workshops we developed specifically for local universities. Over 30 faculty members joined the session, presented by our Chief Operating Officer, Mr Nick Case, to learn from our case studies on editing research proposals.

The response to our workshop, which included a constructive and insightful Q&A session, was very positive.Drawing on our extensive experience working with hundreds of Hong Kong researchers targeting the GRF and ECS every year, we used examples of poor and subsequently improved proposals to show the attendees how they can make their applications stand out. The response to our workshop, which included a constructive and insightful Q&A session, was very positive.Drawing on our extensive experience working with hundreds of Hong Kong researchers targeting the GRF and ECS every year, we used examples of poor and subsequently improved proposals to show the attendees how they can make their applications stand out. The response to our workshop, which included a constructive and insightful Q&A session, was very positive.Drawing on our extensive experience working with hundreds of Hong Kong researchers targeting the GRF and ECS every year, we used examples of poor and subsequently improved proposals to show the attendees how they can make their applications stand out.

QUICK ASIDE

Wondering why some abbreviations such as ‘et al.’ and ‘e.g.’ use periods, whereas others such as CV and AD don’t? Periods are typically used if the abbreviations include lowercase or mixed-case letters. They’re usually not used with abbreviations containing only uppercase letters.

Author Resources

Check out AsiaEdit’s professional research grant proposal editing service.
Read more about our training services covering all aspects of academic writing tailored for local institutions.

More resources on research grant proposal writing: On-demand Webinars
Preparing an effective research proposal – Your guide to successful funding application
Preparing an effective research proposal – Your guide to successful funding application (Part 2)

作者背景

Dr Rachel Baron

联合总编及执行编辑 (社会科学)

Rachel于2001年刚在University of Exeter 取得博士学位的同时,以自由编辑的身份首次加入我们。在担任博士后研究人员数年之后,她专注于大学教授心理学,并于2010年回到AsiaEdit,并专注于学术编辑专业。她于2018年升任助理总编辑,并于2020年继而成为我们的联合主编。由于无法完全离开学术界,她还在意大利的一所英语大学教授心理学。

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